Vermillion, SD Profile: Facts & Data


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Vermillion, South Dakota - Basic Facts

The City of Vermillion had a population of 10,834 as of July 1, 2018. Vermillion ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in South Dakota. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Vermillion is located at latitude 42.7825 and longitude -96.9244 in Clay County. The formal boundaries for the City of Vermillion (see map below) encompass a land area of 4.12 sq. miles and a water area of 0 sq. miles. Clay County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 1,224 feet.

The City of Vermillion (GNIS ID: 1267613) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Vermillion: Vermilion.

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  1. Vermillion 2018 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Vermillion (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. South Dakota Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. South Dakota Data Comparison Tool - 2018 Demographics

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Boundary Maps, Demographic Data, School Zones Review maps and data for the neighborhood, city, county, ZIP Code, and school zone. July 1, 2018, data includes home values, household income, percentage of homes owned, rented or vacant, etc.


Vermillion, SD Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2018)


Total Population 10,834
Population in Households 8,686
Population in Familes 5,083
Population in Group Qrtrs 2,148
Population Density2 2,632
Diversity Index3 30


Median Household Income $36,620
Average Household Income $55,759
Per Capita Income $20,982


Total Housing Units 4,224 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 1,426 (33.8%)
Renter Occupied HU 2,513 (59.5%)
Vacant Housing Units 286 ( 6.8%)
Median Home Value $191,815
Average Home Value $187,720


Total Households 3,938
Average Household Size 2.21
Family Households 1,724
Average Family Size 3
  1. Demographics are point estimates for July 1st of the current year and each for the forecast years. See References for more information.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2018 2018-2023
Population 0.3% 0.42%
Households 0.39% 0.55%
Families 0.22% 0.36%
Median Household Income   2.82%
Per Capita Income   2.19%

Vermillion, SD - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Vermillion to the other 391 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in South Dakota by rank and percentile using July 1, 2018 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 12 97th
Population Density # 3 99th
Diversity Index # 73 81st
Median Household Income # 345 12th
Per Capita Income # 347 12th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE South Dakota Census Data Comparison Tool.

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