Elk Point, SD Profile: Facts, Map & Data

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Elk Point, South Dakota - Basic Facts

The City of Elk Point is an incorporated place (Class Code P1) located in Union County at latitude 42.6817 and longitude -96.6801. Union County is in the Central time zone (GMT -6). The elevation is 1,125 feet.

The formal official name is the City of Elk Point, but most people and references simply refer to it as Elk Point, South Dakota.

The P1 Census Class Code for Elk Point indicates a populated place that is also an incorporated place with the same name and the same census code. The Incorporated Place has a Functional Status Code "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The formal boundaries for the City of Elk Point (see map below) encompass a land area of 1.36 sq. miles and a water area of 0 sq. miles.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Elk Point: Elkpoint.

City of Elk Point, SD Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Union County | South Dakota Counties

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Elk Point, SD Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2014)


Total Population 2,082
Population in Households 2,039
Population in Familes 1,688
Population in Group Qrtrs 43
Population Density1 1,531
Diversity Index2 10


Total Households 823
Average Household Size 2.48
Family Households 536
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 894 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 598 (66.9%)
Renter Occupied HU 225 (25.2%)
Vacant Housing Units 71 ( 7.9%)
Median Home Value $122,994
Average Home Value $146,578


Median Household Income $56,457
Average Household Income $70,097
Per Capita Income $27,778
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2014 2014-2019
Population 1.39% 1.19%
Households 1.58% 1.28%
Families 1.41% 1.06%
Median Household Income   4.7%
Per Capita Income   4.12%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Elk Point, SD - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Elk Point to the other 390 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in South Dakota by rank and percentile using July 1, 2014 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 41 90th
Population Density1 # 35 91st
Diversity Index2 # 213 45th
Median Household Income # 60 85th
Per Capita Income # 116 71st

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE South Dakota Census Data Comparison Tool.