Buffalo, SD Profile: Facts, Map & Data

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Buffalo, South Dakota - Basic Facts

The Town of Buffalo is an incorporated place (Class Code P1) located in Harding County at latitude 45.5864 and longitude -103.5434. Harding County is in the Mountain time zone (GMT -7). The elevation is 2,881 feet.

The formal official name is the Town of Buffalo, but most people and references simply refer to it as Buffalo, South Dakota.

The P1 Census Class Code for Buffalo indicates a populated place that is also an incorporated place with the same name and the same census code. The Incorporated Place has a Functional Status Code "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The formal boundaries for the Town of Buffalo (see map below) encompass a land area of 0.55 sq. miles and a water area of 0 sq. miles.

Town of Buffalo, SD Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Harding County | South Dakota Counties

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Buffalo, SD Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2014)


Total Population 334
Population in Households 327
Population in Familes 264
Population in Group Qrtrs 7
Population Density1 604
Diversity Index2 13


Total Households 173
Average Household Size 1.89
Family Households 110
Average Family Size 2


Total Housing Units 226 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 126 (55.8%)
Renter Occupied HU 47 (20.8%)
Vacant Housing Units 53 (23.5%)
Median Home Value $101,316
Average Home Value $159,646


Median Household Income $47,729
Average Household Income $66,160
Per Capita Income $28,858
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2014 2014-2019
Population 0.28% 0.12%
Households 0.69% 0.12%
Families 5.96% 0.0%
Median Household Income   4.73%
Per Capita Income   2.8%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Buffalo, SD - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Buffalo to the other 390 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in South Dakota by rank and percentile using July 1, 2014 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 179 54th
Population Density1 # 167 57th
Diversity Index2 # 174 56th
Median Household Income # 207 47th
Per Capita Income # 69 83rd

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE South Dakota Census Data Comparison Tool.