Buffalo, SD Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Buffalo, South Dakota - Basic Facts

The Town of Buffalo had a population of 333 as of July 1, 2017.

The primary coordinate point for Buffalo is located at latitude 45.5864 and longitude -103.5434 in Harding County. The formal boundaries for the Town of Buffalo (see map below) encompass a land area of 0.55 sq. miles and a water area of 0 sq. miles. Harding County is in the Mountain time zone (GMT -7). The elevation is 2,881 feet.

The Town of Buffalo (GNIS ID: 1267302) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Buffalo population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

Neighborhood Data

Address Based Hyperlocal Data Input an address and get data & demographics for the pertinent census block group (CBG), a searchable map and a customized directory. The CBG is the smallest geographical unit used by the Census Bureau for reporting certain data.


Town of Buffalo, SD Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Harding County | South Dakota Counties

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Buffalo, SD Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 333
Daytime Population: Workers 533
Daytime Population: Residents 141
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 674
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 2.02
Population in Households 325
Population in Familes 262
Population in Group Qrtrs 8
Population Density2 602
Diversity Index3 13


Median Household Income $43,731
Average Household Income $64,956
Per Capita Income $28,261


Total Housing Units 223 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 127 (57.0%)
Renter Occupied HU 44 (19.7%)
Vacant Housing Units 52 (23.3%)
Median Home Value $83,929
Average Home Value $160,000


Total Households 171
Average Household Size 1.9
Family Households 109
Average Family Size 2
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population 0.12% 0.0%
Households 0.24% 0.12%
Families 3.32% 0.0%
Median Household Income   3.92%
Per Capita Income   3.96%

Buffalo, SD - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Buffalo to the other 391 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in South Dakota by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 183 53rd
Population Density # 170 57th
Diversity Index # 206 48th
Median Household Income # 276 30th
Per Capita Income # 173 56th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE South Dakota Census Data Comparison Tool.

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